Learn about London history!
"The world capital of the 21st century" according to New York Magazine, London cannot be defined by words. Arts, Culture, entertainment, fashion, media, education and politics are the main assets that built the global influence of the city.
Large dynamic metropolis, London has been growing up joining many villages and becomes a unique eclectic place. Notting Hill, Soho, Chinatown and so many areas create a particular contrasting and cosmopolitan atmosphere. London buzzes day and night.
London was first settled by the Romans 2000 years ago. "Londinium" was a basis of the Roman Empire, it extended and prospered thanks to its strategic geographic position and its important port.
London underwent various invasions. After the Romans, the Angles, the Saxons, the Jutes and the Vikings scaled and seized power. Christianity entered Britain during the second century. In 597, St Augustine who was sent by the Pope spread catholic religion and founded the Cathedral of Canterbury.
During the medieval era, St Paul's cathedral, Westminster Abbey and the Tower of London were erected and London became a royal place. The first Lord Mayor was elected in 1192 and London Bridge was completed in 1209. The city suffered various series of plagues particularly The Black Plague (bubonic plague) from the 14th to the 17th century.
Henry VIII caused heavy religious troubles all over the country because of his break with Catholicism. He created the Protestant Church and his daughter Mary I tried to restore Catholicism. His other daughter, Queen Elizabeth I reigned from 1558 to 1603. She initiated the exploration of the world and sponsored navigators such as Sir Francis Drake. At this time, Southwark became the entertainment zone of London.
In 1666, London suffered the Great Fire and was mainly rebuilt by the architect Christopher Wren. The City grew out and started to feature like a world economic superpower. Colonization and maritime turned London into a finance capital and the world's busiest port city showcase of British Empire.
The Victorian era was marked by the Industrial Revolution and wide inequalities between poor and rich. City's population soared, awful living and working conditions triggered legislation.
The two world wars left deep prints in London. Memorials were erected for the fallen of the first World War. The city was very damaged by rocket attacks during the second World War.
Immigrants from countries of the British Empire fled to UK and fashioned the cosmopolitanism of the city. Few cities can rival London diversity.
Have a look at the top 10 places to visit in london.
Visiting Britain can also help you to find out more about London restaurants and bars.